The thing with the religious awards is that it’s a bit of a fine line with BSA, the individual faiths, and how the Cub Scout approaches faith issues. A generic aspect of “faith” is part is every Cub Scout level, but it’s up to the Scout to decide how deep past the surface they want to go.
It’s also important to recognize that,
as far as I understand, BSA doesn’t actually award any religious awards to the Cub Scouts. The religious knot is not awarded as a religious award, rather it is awarded because BSA acknowledges that the scout earned a religious award by a faith organization outside of being a Scout.
I am preparing to teach the PRAY curriculum at our church this winter, and since it’s a church sponsored activity rather than a BSA sponsored activity we will be inviting members of our Pack as well as Girl Scouts and non-scouting members of our church. PRAY, and I think most of the awards, are programs ran by faith organizations and can be earned by anyone within the age range who participates. PRAY presents the award, then BSA gives you a purple know saying “yup, PRAY gave you an award”.
It’s a good double outreach opportunity though, it can expose non-churches kids to a faith if they are interested, and also exposes kids to scouting through Scout Sunday and incorporating the award presentation into the service at church. But it’s important to remember that earning the award is an optional step for all Cub Scout grades and kids shouldn’t feel forced to earn it.
For age ranges: there is a Lion-age program, but for PRAY the God & Me program covers Tiger/Wolf/Bear ages. Kids can only count the award towards the requirements in the year they earn the award though.